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With NaMo 3.0 around the corner, what would it entail for the Indian Foreign Policy?

by Jhelum Ghosh - 7 June, 2024, 12:00 585 Views 0 Comment

The people of India have given their verdict. Though the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) secured 240 seats which is a big crash from its 303 seats in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections it will have to rely on its National Democratic Alliance (NDA) coalition for a majority. NDA’s total of 286 seats is enough to give BJP a majority with Narendra Modi set to become the Prime Minister of India consecutively for the third time.

With this, the focus shifts to what would Modi’s becoming the Prime Minister again entails for the Indian Foreign Policy. On June 4th to commemorate the party’s win in the elections Narendra Modi delivered a speech. A few key points can be identified there. Modi pledged to return with a new chapter of big decisions for India. The BJP aims to make India the third-largest economy in the world by 2027 by carrying out various economic reforms and generating employment. Modi believes that India is all set to become a global leader. India plans to deal with China’s animosity and finally aims to become a member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). It sought to form strategic alliances and become a key player in world politics.

India plans to become the fastest-growing economy in the world with its GDP currently being at 8.5%. When Modi assumed office in 2014 India was at the 10th position and now it is at 5th position. A significant rise can be seen. Modi wants to take a modern approach to foreign policy with consecutive economic, and strategic reforms, a push for free trade agreements, an emphasis on digital infrastructure, energy transition and the strengthening of the country to absorb global financial shocks. India will align with the aspirations of a Viksit Bharat i.e., Developed India by 2047.

India has definite plans to combat China’s expansionism. Even if it faces a veto from the UNSC India has taken significant steps to ensure its protection and existence. India is a member of the QUAD (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue). India is reforming its security structures in the Himalayas to stop China’s claims over India’s north-east states. In 2020 the Chinese People’s Liberation Army caused India to lose 20 soldiers. China also deployed its advanced J-20 stealth fighter jets at Shigatse which happens to be 150 km away from Sikkim. India will try to ensure peace in the Indo-Pacific along the Taiwan Strait. India’s co-operation with the US has also significantly increased. In January 2023, India signed the Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technology which will cater to building technology partnerships among the nations in the future.

India will continue to maintain its defence and trade ties with Russia as well. India will also maintain the Neighbourhood First policy with its immediate neighbours Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Afghanistan. India’s bilateral relationship with Pakistan continues to be strained.  India has held firm that it will not tolerate Islamabad’s state-sponsored cross-border terrorism in Kashmir. To defeat India, the Pakistan army seems willing to disrupt peace and tranquillity within Pakistan itself. With Islamabad’s lack of economic thinking and continued army domination, there is little hope for change.

India hosted the G-20 summit in 2023 and now aims for leadership in the Global South. This will help India to ensure stronger economic and political ties with the emerging countries. In conclusion, it can be said that India aims to enhance regional security, pursue UNSC membership and become a pivotal player in world politics with NaMo 3.0 around the corner.

Jhelum Ghosh
Author is a faculty in the Department of Political Science at St. Paul’s Cathedral Mission College, Kolkata. She likes to read, write and paint.
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